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The Atopic Triangle

Allergic conditions actually exist as a group of atopic disorders. A person with atopy typically presents with one or more of the following conditions – eczema (atopic dermatitis), allergic rhinitis (hay fever) or allergic asthma.

Atopic dermatitis (eczema) is an itchy, inflammatory condition of the skin often manifesting in childhood although it can occur at any age. Atopic dermatitis is chronic condition with periods of flare-ups and remission.

Allergic rhinitis, also known as hay fever, is a type of inflammation in the nose, which occurs when the immune system over reacts to allergens in the air. Signs and symptoms include an itchy, runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, red, itchy, and watery eyes. Allergic rhinitis is often called sinusitis although sinusitis in more specific terms refer to the inflammation of the sinus mucosa.

Asthma is a respiratory condition marked by inflammatory spasms in the bronchi of the lungs, causing difficulty in breathing.